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基础设施与国际贸易

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发表于 2007-3-10 23:15:00 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
97429.rar (75.7 KB, 下载次数: 0, 售价: 30 金钱)
发表于 2007-4-13 19:58:00 | 显示全部楼层
能说清楚点不???是书还是论文,还是资料,具体章节怎么样?来源是什么
发表于 2007-4-13 21:16:00 | 显示全部楼层
<DIV class=Section1>
< 0cm -16.5pt 0pt 0cm; TEXT-ALIGN: left" align=left><B normal"><FONT face="Times New Roman">Staff Working Paper ERSD-2004-04                              August, 2004<o:p></o:p></FONT></B></P>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align=center><B normal"><FONT face="Times New Roman">World Trade Organization<o:p></o:p></FONT></B></P>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align=center><FONT face="Times New Roman"><st1ersonName w:st="on">Economic Research and Statistics Division</st1:PersonName><o:p></o:p></FONT></P>
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<P 0cm -2.25pt 0pt 8cm; TEXT-ALIGN: left; tab-stops: 21.0pt; mso-list: none" align=left><FONT face="Times New Roman">Hildegunn Kyvik Nord&aring;s:      WTO</FONT></P>
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<P 0cm -2.25pt 0pt 8cm; TEXT-ALIGN: left; tab-stops: 21.0pt; mso-list: none" align=left><FONT face="Times New Roman">Roberta Piermartini:              WTO</FONT></P>
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<P 0cm -2.3pt 0pt 8cm; TEXT-ALIGN: left" align=left><FONT face="Times New Roman">Manuscript date:           August 2004</FONT></P>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><B normal"><U>Disclaimer</U></B>:  This is a working paper, and hence it represents research in progress.  This paper represents the opinions of individual staff members or visiting scholars, and is the product of professional research.  It is not meant to represent the position or opinions of the WTO or its Members, nor the official position of any staff members.  Any errors are the fault of the authors.  Copies of working papers can be requested from the divisional secretariat by writing to:  <st1:PersonName w:st="on">Economic Research and Statistics Division</st1:PersonName>, World Trade Organization, rue de Lausanne 154, CH 1211 Genève 21, Switzerland.  Please request papers by number and title.</FONT></P></DIV><B normal"><BR always; mso-break-type: section-break" clear=all></B>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt"><STRONG><FONT face="Times New Roman">infrastructure and trade</FONT></STRONG></P>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align=center><FONT face="Times New Roman">Hildegunn Kyvik Nord&aring;s and Roberta Piermartini</FONT><a href="http://www.pinggu.org/bbs/thread-149625-1-1.html&amp;replyID=221379&amp;star=1&amp;skin=1#_ftn1" target="_blank" >[1]</A></P>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align=center><I normal"><FONT face="Times New Roman">Abstract<o:p></o:p></FONT></I></P>
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<P 0cm 0cm 12pt; tab-stops: 21.0pt; mso-list: none"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><I normal">This paper explores the role that quality of infrastructure has on a country's trade performance, estimating a gravity model that incorporates bilateral tariffs and a number of indicators for the quality of infrastructure.  The paper looks at the impact of the quality of infrastructure (road, airport, port and telecommunication, and the time required for  customs clearance) on total bilateral trade and on trade in the automotive, clothing and textile sectors.  In order to obtain unbiased estimators, multilateral resistances for tariffs and remoteness are introduced in the gravity equation.  Moreover, the robustness of the results is tested by estimating a fixed-effect model, where bilateral indexes of the quality of infrastructure are included.  The results can be summarised in four main findings: (i) bilateral tariffs, generally neglected in gravity regression of bilateral flows, have a significant negative impact on trade; (ii) quality of infrastructure is an important determinant of trade performance; (iii) port efficiency appears to have the largest impact on trade among all indicators of infrastructure; (iv) timeliness and access to telecommunication are relatively more important for export competitiveness in the clothing and automotive sector respectively</I>.      </FONT></P>
<P 0cm 0cm 12pt; tab-stops: 21.0pt; mso-list: none"><FONT face="Times New Roman">JEL classification: F13, F17</FONT></P>
<P 0cm 0cm 12pt; tab-stops: 21.0pt; mso-list: none"><FONT face="Times New Roman">Keywords: trade, infrastructure, gravity model, resistance terms, tariffs.</FONT></P>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt"><FONT size=2><FONT face="Times New Roman">   [1] The authors would like to thank Chen Lurong for research assistance.</FONT></FONT></P></DIV></DIV>
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