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【西蒙系列】Scientific Discovery: Computational Explorations of the Creative

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发表于 2014-7-20 20:49:45 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 wwqqer 于 2014-9-15 05:49 编辑

人工智能大师Herbert Simon的经典之作。。。

【西蒙系列】跨学科旅行家: 赫伯特 西蒙 (Herbert Simon)资料汇总帖


Scientific Discovery: Computational Explorations of the Creative Processes
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Scientific discovery is often regarded as romantic and creative -- and hence unanalyzable -- whereas the everyday process of verifying discoveries is sober and more suited to analysis. Yet this fascinating exploration of how scientific work proceeds argues that however sudden the moment of discovery may seem, the discovery process can be described and modeled.

Using the methods and concepts of contemporary information-processing psychology (or cognitive science) the authors develop a series of artificial-intelligence programs that can simulate the human thought processes used to discover scientific laws. The programs -- BACON, DALTON, GLAUBER, and STAHL -- are all largely data-driven, that is, when presented with series of chemical or physical measurements they search for uniformities and linking elements, generating and checking hypotheses and creating new concepts as they go along.

Scientific Discovery examines the nature of scientific research and reviews the arguments for and against a normative theory of discovery; describes the evolution of the BACON programs, which discover quantitative empirical laws and invent new concepts; presents programs that discover laws in qualitative and quantitative data; and ties the results together, suggesting how a combined and extended program might find research problems, invent new instruments, and invent appropriate problem representations. Numerous prominent historical examples of discoveries from physics and chemistry are used as tests for the programs and anchor the discussion concretely in the history of science.

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发表于 2014-7-20 20:56:18 | 显示全部楼层
好帖,顶一个.
发表于 2014-7-20 20:56:35 | 显示全部楼层
太幸运了,这一次竟然是沙发!
发表于 2014-7-20 20:57:42 | 显示全部楼层
还是被人抢先了。[em43][em43][em43]
发表于 2014-7-20 22:08:34 | 显示全部楼层
1111111111111111111
发表于 2014-7-21 01:54:03 | 显示全部楼层
那是讲故事
发表于 2014-7-21 23:13:32 | 显示全部楼层
看看。。。。
发表于 2014-7-23 09:04:36 | 显示全部楼层
下载看看
发表于 2014-7-23 12:29:53 | 显示全部楼层
Scientific discovery
发表于 2014-7-25 09:44:56 | 显示全部楼层
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