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关于地租理论概念的文章【来自知网部分】

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发表于 2012-7-18 12:11:51 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
关于地租理论是一些文章!
注:仅作为对基本概念的理解使用!!!注仅作为对基本概念的理解使用!!!!!注仅作为对基本概念的理解使用!!!注仅作为对基本概念的理解使用!!!

2012-7.17-知网-马克思地租理论的逻辑内涵及现代价值.pdf

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2012-7.17-知网-古典经济学地租理论与马克思地租理论的比较研究.pdf

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2012-7.17-知网-论马克思地租理论的现实意义.pdf

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2012-7.17-知网-土地经济理论的核心是地租理论.pdf

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2012-7.17-知网-试论马克思的绝对地租理论_重读_资本论_第三卷.pdf

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2012-7.17-知网-马克思地租_地价理论研究.pdf

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2012-7.18-知网-马克思与现代西方地租理论综述与启示.pdf

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2012-7.18-知网-西方地租理论发展简析.pdf

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 楼主| 发表于 2012-7-18 14:33:28 | 显示全部楼层
Land rent

In political economy including physiocracy, classical economics, and other schools of economic thought excepting neoclassical economics, land is recognized as an inelastic factor of production. Rent is the distribution paid to freeholders for "allowing" production on the land they control.
"As soon as the land of any country has all become private property, the landlords, like all other men, love to reap where they never sowed, and demand a rent even for its natural produce. The wood of the forest, the grass of the field, and all the natural fruits of the earth, which, when land was in common, cost the labourer only the trouble of gathering them, come, even to him, to have an additional price fixed upon them. He must then pay for the licence to gather them; and must give up to the landlord a portion of what his labour either collects or produces. This portion, or, what comes to the same thing, the price of this portion, constitutes the rent of land ...."
— Adam Smith: The Wealth of Nations[16]
David Ricardo is credited with the first clear and comprehensive analysis of differential land rent and the associated economic relationships (Law of Rent).
Johann Heinrich von Thünen was especially influential in developing the spatial analysis of rents, which highlighted the importance of centrality and transport. Simply put, it was density of population increasing the profitability of commerce and providing for the division and specialization of labor that commanded higher municipal rents. And the high rents determined that land in a central city would not be allocated to farming, but would be allocated instead to more profitable residential or commercial uses.
Observing that a tax on the unearned rent of land would not distort economic activities, Henry George proposed that publicly collected land rents (land value taxation) should be the primary (or only) source of public revenue; though he also advocated public ownership, taxation and regulation of natural monopolies and monopolies of scale that cannot be eliminated by deregulation.——————from wikipedia
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